Impacts of natural resources & mega development projects to people (women)

   - - > By Monica Yator
,Program Officer

A huge transport infrastructure project to link Kenya’s coast, Juba in South Sudan, and Ethiopia by 2030 is raising questions about the potential impact on the livelihoods of pastoralists, and protection and compensation for those adversely affected.In Lamu, some families have been displaced by port construction work and are yet to be compensated, according to Shakila Abdalla, a Lamu Member of Parliament, who noted that there had been inadequate environmental impact assessments, and that Lamu’s infrastructure might not be able to cope with the expected influx of people. Lamu’s population is about 102,000 but could more than double by 2017, noted Ms Abdalla.

A huge transport infrastructure project to link Kenya’s coast, Juba in South Sudan, and Ethiopia by 2030 is raising questions about the potential impact on the livelihoods of pastoralists, and protection and compensation for those adversely affected.In Lamu, some families have been displaced by port construction work and are yet to be compensated, according to Shakila Abdalla, a Lamu Member of Parliament, who noted that there had been inadequate environmental impact assessments, and that Lamu’s infrastructure might not be able to cope with the expected influx of people. Lamu’s population is about 102,000 but could more than double by 2017, noted Ms Abdalla. According to Abdikadir Omar, MP for Balambala in Garissa County, eastern-central Kenya, while Lapsset will go through an area that has never been developed before, there are concerns about potential adverse effects on pastoral livelihoods with the blocking off of migratory routes. There is a need to address these problems from a host community point of view, before a camel and a bulldozer are facing each other’ the issue of land and its management is central to the Lapsset project  

downloadImpacts of Natural Resources & Mega Development Projects to People (Women)

North Rift governors lead plans to form regional bloc

northrift economic blocGovernors from the North Rift have stepped up plans to form what they have termed as the most vibrant economic bloc in the country. Speaking on Friday night in Eldoret Town, governors Simon Kachapin (West-Pokot), Jackson Mandago (Uasin Gishu) and several representatives from the eight counties said they will involve all leaders to come up with a comprehensive document that will bind the economic bloc.

The economic bloc brings together Uasin Gishu, West Pokot, Baringo, Turkana, Nandi, Trans Nzoia, Elgeyo-Marakwet and Samburu counties. “First, we are coming up with a framework and later we will talk with the various county assemblies to come up with legal framework touching on licenses and taxes so that residents in the counties will benefit from the bloc,” said Mr Mandago, the interim chairman of the proposed bloc.

He added that there were mega projects which one county could not single-handedly implement and that is why they were coming together. Mr Kachapin said that infrastructural developments like the Kitale-South Sudan highway to be built by the government in the next financial year will open up the region to investment and solve the perennial conflicts pitting the warring communities in the region.

During the press conference, Governor Mandago disclosed that that Samburu County had formally joined the regional block since it shared similar demographic features and issues with the other counties. The county boss said that they will jointly be involved in muilti-billion projects such construction of a water reservoir that will benefit the three counties.

Mr Mandago said that they will work round the clock to re-brand the region as the new tourism and investment destination in the country and beyond.

Courtersy of Daily Nation

Pokot warriors abandon cattle rustling and turn to farming

Pokot warriors are turning to the most unlikely source of livelihood that has seen some guns fall silent: farming. When his herd of cattle and flock of sheep were stolen by cattle rustlers years ago, 54-year-old Ekuam Ng’asike rediscovered his passion for agriculture – thanks to funding from the government and humanitarian agencies in the banditry-prone agro-pastoralist area. pokot farming

The father of four, a former cattle rustler from West Pokot County, has now teamed up with a group of reformed warriors to form Kaputir Resource Management Association (Karma) to advance their economic achievements through irrigated agriculture. “The going was not easy after venturing into agriculture, a field that I had little knowledge about. At one point I thought of giving up, but I had no other source of livelihood for my family,” Mr Ng’asike told the Nation. “ I contemplated giving up, but I had to soldier on, and you can see where I am now,” said My Ng’asike as he inspected his crop ready for the market in Lodwar Town and other parts of semi-arid Turkana county.

CATTLE RUSTLING

The region has traditionally been synonymous with cattle rustling as an economic activity but not any more as the people have now substituted their guns for jembes, raking in millions from agriculture. Most horticultural crops produced in West Pokot County are sold in Nairobi, Kitale, Eldoret, Kisumu, Kakamega, Lodwar and Mombasa. With the millions they are making, the people are appealing to banks to set up branches there. “I make good sales every day, but at the end of the business, I have to take home the cash for lack of banks,” said Ezekiel Ndururu, a farmer.

He sometimes puts his money under the mattress or ends up squandering it because he knows that he will make more the following day. This is a situation he could avoid if he had a bank account. To cut down on production costs and achieve better bargaining power, the herdsmen-turned farmers have formed a group of 250 members, 72 of whom are supported by the United States African Development Foundation (USADF), an American development agency, to cultivate various food crops on the banks of River Turkwel.

Other groups – Kapelbok and Nayaliira at Kaptir location in Turkana South sub-county – are cultivating maize, sorghum and finger millet and various types of vegetables. “We have enough food supplies, and we can now afford to take our children to school from the revenue we make from the crops,” said Akoru Ewoi, who has planted two acres of land next to River Turkwel planted with vegetables and sorghum. Peter Emuria Eleon, chairman of Naoyaregae group, said he earned over Sh45,000 from half an acre of onions, sukuma wiki and capsicum after investing Sh15,000. The government allocated Sh16 billion in the last financial budget for irrigated agriculture to increase crop production and attain food security.

FORMED GROUPS

“We formed groups to access funds from the government and other development partners and venture into crop production which has proved lucrative,” said Mr Eleon. “It took many years involving field tours to agricultural farms such as Delamare in Naivasha to learn how to do it,” said Peter Edapal Epem of Kapelbok group.

“What I have achieved is impressive, and I have never regretted diversifying into crop production.” “We have never looked back since going into irrigation farming after losing most of our animals to cattle rustlers and drought,” Mr Eleon said. The success story of farmers operating under the umbrella of Karma has inspired other pastoralists along River Kerio to invest in agriculture.

“Cereal and vegetable cultivation has proved to be a wonderful investment in the region,” Mr Ng’asike said. “I feel more secure after switching to crop production to supplement my income.” David Mukhwana, a trader from Kakamega who buys onions from Ortum, said there was need for banks to consider setting up branches at the market because traders like him fill insecure walking with money for long distances to buy the produce from the farmers.

He said that, the onions from Ortum are sold in major cities and towns in the country as well as in Uganda, Tanzania and South Sudan. As a result of the booming business, there are three consecutive onion market days in Ortum; Mondays, Wednesdays and Fridays. According to the farmers, the entire East African region depends on onions from Tanzania, Ortum and Mount Elgon. Farmers ferry their onion produce on donkeys from their farms to Ortum market where the traders buy and ferry them to different markets.

Jackson Lemaken, an onion farmer from Kabalaka area in Ortum cited the poor state of roads from the farms to the market as another big challenge that they are facing. “Since the roads are in a dilapidated state, we have to use donkeys to deliver the onions from the farms to the market but sometimes the animals collapse and die on the way because of the bad terrain,” Lemaken said.

Courtersy of Daily Nation

Gunmen kill government officer in Wajir town

attackSuspected Al-Shabaab gunmen on Saturday night shot and killed a chief in Wajir town, county police commander Samuel Mukindia confirmed. Speaking on phone, Mr Mukindia said Mohamed Bare Abdullahi, a chief of Erib location in Wajir South sub-County was killed by armed men who accosted him on his way from a local Mosque where he had gone for evening prayers.

The county police chief who described the administrator as a dedicated civil servant said the Chief was shot around 8:45pm just 500 metres from the mosque. “The attackers followed him from behind until he had covered a short distance away from the mosque before opening fire. They seem to know him very well,” he said.

Mr Mukindia, however, said the number of gunmen couldn’t be established. He also said three other people including an assistant chief who were walking with the slain administrator were not hurt in the night incident. This he said shows the assailants knew him well and were determined to eliminate him.

Mr Mukindia said police have launched an investigation into the incident to establish why the chief was killed. However, he said the administrator was not in the list of chiefs in the county who have reported to the local security agencies over threats to their lives from Al-Shabaab and the group’s sympathisers. Police on foot patrol who responded swiftly on hearing the gunshots were unable to confront the assailants even though the attackers fled on foot but took advantage of the cover of darkness to slip away.

Somalia based militant, Al-Shabaab has threatened several local chiefs, their assistants, religious leaders and other civil servants in the three Counties of Mandera, Wajir and Garissa. On April 23 this year, the militants killed chief Muktar Maalim Ibrahim of Arabia area, Mandera County after pulling him out of vehicle heading to Mandera.

Courtersy of Daily Nation

Kenya seeks global support in its plan to repatriate refugees

refugeesKenya now wants the international community to support its plan to repatriate refugees to their countries of origin. Interior Cabinet Secretary Joseph Nkaissery, however, said the repatriation would adhere to the international law. In his speech during the World Refugees Day at Kakuma in Turkana County, Mr Nkaissery said the government would also streamline the management of refugees to ensure that only genuine ones are hosted.

“The government will not hesitate to deport anyone who is an asylum shopper as some of them are engaged in criminal activities such as terrorism,” he said. Mr Nkaissery also disclosed that the government was preparing a refugee policy, while the review of the Refugees Act was underway before the Senate. Whereas some refugees were genuine, he said, others were involved in activities that jeopardised the interests of Kenyans such as terrorism.

The government has been pushing for the closure of the two main refugee camps — Kakuma and Daadab — following reports that terrorists had been planning their activities in those campus. Mr Nkaissery’s remarks were read on his behalf by Secretary for Administration Victor Okioma. US Ambassador to Kenya Robert Godec reaffirmed Washington’s support to the Kenyan government in security efforts and to help asylum seekers to return to their countries voluntarily.

Courtersy of Daily Nation

ABOUT PDNK

Pastoralist Development Network - of Kenya

We are an advocacy NGO established under a Trust deed number 791 DI 4453128 in 2003. The network is a conglomeration of 60 pastoralists’ individuals, NGOs and CBOs and non-pastoralist institutions and individuals supporting pastoralists’ development process in Kenya. It draws its membership from North Rift, South Rift, North Eastern and Upper Eastern regions of Kenya representing 14 pastoralist Counties. Its mission is to lobby for the inclusion of the pastoralist agenda in mainstream development with the vision of a prosperous pastoralist society.

  • +254722810161+254771781760)
  • This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.
  • Ground Floor, Kogo Star Plaza Off Mbagathi Way/Langata Road roundabout

MUST SEE STUFF

Brief notes on the Tana River Basin

Tana River basin is the longest river in Kenya; it has ‘small lakes’ that flow only during the rainy seasons with its source being the Abardare Mountains located to the west of Nyeri.

Read more ...

Kenya: 30 students injured in a school stampede at Lodwar Girls

Read more ...

Shock as Form One found dead in his bed

Read more ...

Official Facebook