Impacts of natural resources & mega development projects to people (women)

   - - > By Monica Yator
,Program Officer

A huge transport infrastructure project to link Kenya’s coast, Juba in South Sudan, and Ethiopia by 2030 is raising questions about the potential impact on the livelihoods of pastoralists, and protection and compensation for those adversely affected.In Lamu, some families have been displaced by port construction work and are yet to be compensated, according to Shakila Abdalla, a Lamu Member of Parliament, who noted that there had been inadequate environmental impact assessments, and that Lamu’s infrastructure might not be able to cope with the expected influx of people. Lamu’s population is about 102,000 but could more than double by 2017, noted Ms Abdalla.

A huge transport infrastructure project to link Kenya’s coast, Juba in South Sudan, and Ethiopia by 2030 is raising questions about the potential impact on the livelihoods of pastoralists, and protection and compensation for those adversely affected.In Lamu, some families have been displaced by port construction work and are yet to be compensated, according to Shakila Abdalla, a Lamu Member of Parliament, who noted that there had been inadequate environmental impact assessments, and that Lamu’s infrastructure might not be able to cope with the expected influx of people. Lamu’s population is about 102,000 but could more than double by 2017, noted Ms Abdalla. According to Abdikadir Omar, MP for Balambala in Garissa County, eastern-central Kenya, while Lapsset will go through an area that has never been developed before, there are concerns about potential adverse effects on pastoral livelihoods with the blocking off of migratory routes. There is a need to address these problems from a host community point of view, before a camel and a bulldozer are facing each other’ the issue of land and its management is central to the Lapsset project  

downloadImpacts of Natural Resources & Mega Development Projects to People (Women)

Form two dropout doctor

Over 3,000 residents of Loyapat Village in Turkana have no professional health worker to turn to whenever they fall sick apart from a Form Two dropout, Ntabo Loglalan, 24. Since January, five herders with serious gunshot injuries have so far died owing to excessive bleeding at Loyapat Dispensary, where he works. However, he soldiers on. Though the county government has recruited 316 qualified health workers, including 110 nurses, none has reported for fear of insecurity. When the Nation visited the village, which is among 20 insecure neighbourhoods on the volatile Turkana-West Pokot border, Loglalan, who has never stepped in a medical class, was going about his duties. Clad in blue jeans, open shoes and a yellow T-shirt, Loglalan said he is not paid.

Loyapat Dispensary, run by a religious organisation, has only one bed in the injection room. It has rusty sinks and broken pipes, but the drugs store is the most organised. turkanayoungdocLoglalan is famous among the young and old. Nicknamed “Osheah”, he was left in charge of the dispensary in 2010 after dropping out of school. The football fan, who supports English Premier League giants Manchester United, says he misses his best subjects, Biology, Chemistry and Physics.“I developed an interest in working at the dispensary after realising that no one could bear the rampant cattle rustling, forcible eviction by their our Pokot neighbours and frequent highway attacks. ” Loglalan said.

TWO-HOUR TREK

Before the last trained health worker John Ng’asike left, Loglalan volunteered to work as a patient attendant while learning on the job. A week ago he was assisted by an experienced traditional birth attendant to deliver a baby girl.

Kainuk Health Centre, the referral hospital, is 30 minutes away by car. Loglalan wakes up at 2am for a two-hour trek to collect medicine since he does not have a vehicle. Health executive Jane Ajele said she is aware that the facility has unqualified staff. However, she said before devolution most facilities in the area had patient attendants with on-job training just like Loglalan. “We are supplying drugs to that dispensary and I have faith that he is not giving the wrong prescription. “Church officials have requested professional health workers, but unfortunately, the one posted at Loyapat was among the 25 who did not report due to insecurity,” she said. Ms Ajele said the county would consider training residents from hotspots to help address the lack of professional heal workers.

Courtersy of Daily Nation

One person was killed and three others injured in clashes over cattle in Isiolo County.

MeruThe clashes took place at Ariemet on Friday following revenge attacks between the Turkana and Samburu. The three who were admitted at an Isiolo hospital were injured in an earlier attack in Loruko. No livestock was stolen. Tension remained high on Saturday after residents of Burat and Ngaremara wards fled their homes to Kiwanja and Nomads area in fear of further retaliatory attacks. County Commissioner Wanyama Musiambo confirmed the incident, adding that plans were underway for a peace meeting between the two communities. He said seven people have so far died in revenge attacks since Easter. Residents of Alamach, Lowangila, Attan and Ariemet could be seen leaving with their belongings despite efforts by security personnel to assure them of their safety. The two communities have been in conflict over pasture and water for their livestock.

BUFFER ZONE

Mr Musiambo condemned the latest violence, calling for community leaders to move quickly to prevent further bloodshed. He appealed to the communities to co-exist peacefully. "We want a lasting solution. We don't want to experience what happened last November," he said, adding that the government would facilitate peace forums to unite the communities. Mr Musiambo said a solution to the crisis was to create a buffer zone to allow both communities' livestock to graze in their respective areas, with people crossing to the other being apprehended. The County Commissioner said adequate security personnel had been deployed to the area to prevent further attacks. Chiefs and their assistants from Attan Location, Ngaremara Ward — an area perceived to be a hotspot due to its proximity to the Attan park which has been taken over by pastoralists — were directed to give reports of their area during a meeting of security personnel in the county on Saturday. Mr Musiambo directed all pastoralists from other counties to return home following the start of rains in most parts of northern Kenya. He gave a one week ultimatum for the pastoralists at Attan park to leave. "All our wild animals have been displaced. We need to take action if the county government is unable to do its mandate," Mr Musiambo said.

Coutersy of Daily Nation

Illegal hotels in Mara targeted for closure

llegally established hotels in the Maasai Mara face closure as the county government seeks to open up space for wild animals. The county’s tourism and wildlife ministry has given all lodges and camps in the world-famous reserve seven days to submit their documents for validation or be closed. From next week, they will be required to submit National Environmental Management Authority approvals, physical plans and lease agreements. The directive, by Tourism and Wildlife executive member Nelson ole Keshei, is intended to enable the county government to audit its assets, liabilities, licences and wildlife conservation programmes. In addition, is aimed at reducing illegal establishments in the game reserve to give the wildlife their space. Mr Keshei said congestion had forced animals out of their habitats into nearby conservancies.

OVER DEVELOPMENT

MasaaiMara“The Mara has had challenges arising from over-development, rivalry and competition amongst developers,” he said during the signing of performance contracts by wardens and their assistants at Keekorok Lodge on Friday. He said the county government was drafting a Bill to require developers to obtain a provisional licence first.They would be required to obtain a regular licence after their establishments have satisfied Nema’s requirement that lodges and camps must not be near rivers, watering points and breeding zones and sewerage system should not cause pollution. Before a provisional licence is issued, developers must obtain clearance from the county tourism board and a nod from the Tourism and Wildlife docket. Of the 108 establishments in the reserve, only 31 (29 per cent) were operating legally, according to a survey by the Hotel and Restaurant Authority following a 2008 audit.

Coutersy of Daily Nation

Mandera floods

A bus was Thursday morning swept by floods as it tried to cross a seasonal river at Gadudia in Mandera County. The bus which was headed to Nairobi got stuck in the mud and was then swept by floods together with its passengers. “Several people have been carried away but the rest are on top of the bus after coming out through the windows,” said Mendera County Commissioner Alex ole Nkoyopic 11. “The water level is coming down and we have formed a human wall to help rescue those on the bus and those who might have drowned,” he added. Mendera Red Cross coordinator Ahmed Mohamed said at least 42 people had been rescued by 1pm while efforts to recue the other passengers were ongoing. There were also unconfirmed reports that three people were feared dead. He said the bus had 60 passengers, according to the passenger manifest. The incident occured 35 kilometres from Mandera Town. The bus was said to be the only one from Mandera that was headed to Nairobi Wednesday as other bus companies kept off the roads due to heavy rains.

 

 

 

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ABOUT PDNK

Pastoralist Development Network - of Kenya

We are an advocacy NGO established under a Trust deed number 791 DI 4453128 in 2003. The network is a conglomeration of 60 pastoralists’ individuals, NGOs and CBOs and non-pastoralist institutions and individuals supporting pastoralists’ development process in Kenya. It draws its membership from North Rift, South Rift, North Eastern and Upper Eastern regions of Kenya representing 14 pastoralist Counties. Its mission is to lobby for the inclusion of the pastoralist agenda in mainstream development with the vision of a prosperous pastoralist society.

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